High temperature corrosion of anchor systems for refractory constructions at different atmospheres and temperatures

Summary: High temperature corrosion decisively influences the durability of anchorage systems in refractory constructions. Five ­different materials, which are used as refractories, have been tested and compared with respect to their corrosive properties in ­reducing, nitriding, carborizing, sulfidizing/oxidizing, and chlorinating media at different temperatures and times of deposition. The metallographic pictures of the withdrawn samples are compared in order to evaluate the stage of corrosion. The materials are finally rated for their suitability in the corresponding medium.

1 Introduction

Highly heat resisting and high-alloyed steels, as well as nickelbased alloys are used for building chemical and metallurgic plants. These materials are used in anchorages and refractory constructions, where high temperatures occur. Within these areas, the metal components are prone to chemical reactions, since the media are not clear of aggressive elements. In case of failure the refractory breaks out of the construction. A DGFS 1 survey asked plant operators about the reasons for failure (Fig. 1).

 

Only 20  % of the failures were caused by either too high temperatures or unknown...

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