Limestone calcined clay cement (LC3) construction composition
(57) A limestone calcined clay cement construction composition comprises a) a cementitious binder comprising one or more calcium silicate mineral phases and one or more calcium aluminate mineral phases, and having a Blaine surface area of at least 3800 cm2/g, in an amount of 180 to 400 kg per m3 of the freshly mixed construction composition; b) a supplementary cementitious material having a Dv90 of less than 200 µm, in a total amount of 50 to 100 parts by weight, relative to 100 parts by weight of cementitious binder a), the supplementary cementitious material comprising (b-1) a calcined clay material and (b-2) a carbonate rock powder in a weight ratio of (b-1) to (b-2) in the range of 0.5 to 2; c) optionally, an extraneous aluminate source; d) a sulfate source; and e) a polyol in an amount of 0.3 to 2.5 wt.-%, relative to the amount of cementitious binder a). The composition contains available aluminatc, calculated as Al(OH)4-, from the calcium aluminate mineral phases plus the optional extraneous aluminate source, per 100 g of cementitious binder a), in a total amount of at least 0.08 mol, if the amount of cementitious binder a) is in the range of 180 to less than 220 kg per m3 of the freshly mixed composition, at least 0.06 mol, if the amount of cementitious binder a) is in the range of 220 to less than 280 kg per m3 of the freshly mixed composition, and at least 0.05 mol, if the amount of cementitious binder a) is 280 kg or more per m3 of the freshly mixed composition; and the molar ratio of total available aluminate to sulfate is 0.4 to 2.0. The construction composition further comprises f) an ettringite formation controller comprising (i) glyoxylic acid, a glyoxylic acid salt and/or a glyoxylic acid derivative; and (ii) at least one of (ii-a) a borate source and (ii-b) a carbonate source, wherein the carbonate source is selected from inorganic carbonates having an aqueous solubility of 0.1 g∙L-1 or more, organic carbonates, and mixtures thereof; and g) a co-retarder selected from (g-1) α-hydroxy monocarboxylic acids and salts thereof, (g-2) phosphonic acids and salts thereof, (g-3) polycarboxylic acids and salts thereof, and mixtures thereof. The limestone calcined clay cement construction composition is a reduced carbon footprint composition and exhibits high early strength, high final strength, sufficient open time and high durability. Ingredients of the construction composition are abundantly available.
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