Calcium oxide, commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, was probably discovered by chance. Ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans crudely burned lime to take advantage of its various properties and possible applications.
The recognized name given to this burned product was quicklime, which is fitting, since the substance decays rapidly after limestone heating, reacting with humidity if exposed to air.
Quicklime is an ancient material, which has marked the fundamental stages of thousands of years of history in construction and architecture. Soft lime burning...